NRAO Image Use Policy
Users of NRAO telescopes have an inherent obligation to make images derived
from NRAO data available for educational, public information, and research
purposes via the NRAO in a timely manner. Images, electronic or otherwise
(including captions), created, authored and/or prepared by the NRAO/AUI and the
NRAO staff are copyrighted in content, presentation, and intellectual or
creative origin. All such materials are considered intellectual property and
are intended for use for educational, public information, and research purposes.
Use of NRAO/AUI names and/or logos in publicity, promotion, or advertising is
prohibited without prior written consent of NRAO/AUI. Commercial use will be
considered on a case-by-case basis. Use of NRAO/AUI images constitutes
acceptance of the guidelines listed:
I. NRAO/AUI IMAGES USE
The NRAO encourages the use of its images, electronically or in other formats,
for educational and public information purposes. The use of such images must
not imply endorsement by NRAO/AUI/NSF of organizations, products, or services
using the images.
1. Usage Categories
Three general categories are defined for the use of NRAO images:
Educational/ Public Information, Personal (Not for Profit), and Commercial.
Educational / Research Use: NRAO allows reproduction, authorship of
derivative works, and other transformations of the original work strictly
for educational, public information, and research purposes without further
permission, subject to the General Conditions section listed below. If a
recognizable person appears in an image, use may infringe a right of privacy
or publicity, and permission shall be separately obtained from the
recognizable person. For other non-commercial uses, permission shall be
obtained from NRAO/AUI.
Personal, Not-for-Profit Use: NRAO allows reproduction, authorship of
derivative works, and other transformations of the original work strictly for
personal, non-profit / non-commercial / non-retail use without further
permission, subject to the General Conditions section listed below. Some
examples of personal, non-profit/non-commercial/non-retail uses are
downloading images for personal posters, screensavers, or as gifts for
friends and relatives.
Commercial Use: Written permission must be obtained from the copyright owner
prior to commercial use (See credits in the Image Gallery. If someone is
listed in addition to NRAO/AUI, they should be considered the primary
copyright owner). For NRAO images, the NRAO will work with vendors on a
case-by-case basis to establish appropriate permissions for use, which in
some cases may involve a fee or royalty agreement.
2. Credit and Copyright Statements
Any use of NRAO images shall include one of the following credit statements:
"This image was generated with data from telescopes of the National Radio
Astronomy Observatory, a National Science Foundation Facility, managed by
Associated Universities. Inc.",
Additional credit lines may be required for images that are copyrighted by
individuals or other organizations. In such cases use the copyright specified
and contact the individual/organization if questions arise.
"National Radio Astronomy Observatory / Associated Universities, Inc. /
National Science Foundation", or
"NRAO / AUI / NSF".
II. GENERAL CONDITIONS
- NRAO/AUI images may NOT be used to constitute, state or imply the
endorsement by NRAO/AUI, the NSF or any NRAO/AUI employee of a commercial
product, process, service, theory, or activity.
- NRAO/AUI shall be acknowledged as the source of its materials, products,
- NRAO/AUI shall in no way be liable for any costs, expenses, claims or
demands arising out of use of NRAO/AUI images by a recipient or a recipient's
- NRAO/AUI personnel are not authorized to sign "hold harmless" statements
or documents granting exclusive rights.
- AUI has agreed that if it or anyone else owns a copyright which is
produced by AUI or its employees in the performance of work under AUI's
Cooperative Agreement with NSF, the Federal Government will have a
non-exclusive, non-transferable, irrevocable, royalty-free license to exercise
or have exercised for or on behalf of the United States throughout the world
all exclusive rights provided by the copyright.
- The NRAO is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer and will not
use images to discriminate against any protected employment class.
For further information or assistance, please contact:
Public Information (info at nrao.edu)
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
520 Edgemont Rd.
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Last updated: November 24, 2003
Original, potentially more current NRAO copyright statement