Images of

Messier Objects

from the

Digitized Sky Survey



(Select the link in the first column for the DSS image; see below for a key and credits)
 M    NGC  Con    RA      Dec    Mag  Size (min)  Typ  Distance Common Name
---  ----  ---  ------- ------  ----  ----------  ---  -------- -------------
  1  1952  Tau  05 34.5  22 01   9.0  6 x 4       SNR      6.3  Crab Nebula
  2  7089  Aqr  21 33.5 -00 49   7.5  12.9        GCl     36
  3  5272  CVn  13 42.2  28 23   7.0  16.2        GCl     31
  4  6121  Sco  16 23.6 -26 32   7.5  26.3        GCl      7
  5  5904  Ser  15 18.6  02 05   7.0  17.4        GCl     23
  6  6405  Sco  17 40.1 -32 13   4.5  15.0        OCl      2    Butterfly Cluster
  7  6475  Sco  17 53.9 -34 49   3.5  80.0        OCl      1    Ptolemy's Cluster
  8  6523  Sgr  18 03.8 -24 23   6.0  90 x 40     C/N      5.2  Lagoon Nebula
  9  6333  Oph  17 19.2 -18 31   9.0  9.3         GCl     26
 10  6254  Oph  16 57.1 -04 06   7.5  15.1        GCl     13
 11  6705  Sct  18 51.1 -06 16   7.0  14.0        OCl      6    Wild Duck Cluster
 12  6218  Oph  16 47.2 -01 57   8.0  14.5        GCl     18
 13  6205  Her  16 41.7  36 28   7.0  16.6        GCl     22    Hercules Cluster
 14  6402  Oph  17 37.6 -03 15   9.5  11.7        GCl     27
 15  7078  Peg  21 30.0  12 10   7.5  12.3        GCl     33
 16  6611  Ser  18 18.8 -13 47   6.5  7.0         C/N      7    assoc with Eagle Nebula, Star Queen Nebula
 17  6618  Sgr  18 20.8 -16 11   7.0  11.0        C/N      5    Omega Nebula, Swan Nebula, Lobster Nebula
 18  6613  Sgr  18 19.9 -17 08   8.0  9.0         OCl      6
 19  6273  Oph  17 02.6 -26 16   8.5  13.5        GCl     27
 20  6514  Sgr  18 02.6 -23 02   5.0  28.0        C/N      2.2  Trifid Nebula
 21  6531  Sgr  18 04.6 -22 30   7.0  13.0        OCl      3
 22  6656  Sgr  18 36.4 -23 54   6.5  24.0        GCl     10
 23  6494  Sgr  17 56.8 -19 01   6.0  27.0        OCl      4.5
 24  6603  Sgr  18 16.9 -18 29  11.5  5.0                 10    "Delle Caustiche"
 25 i4725  Sgr  18 31.6 -19 15   4.9  40.0        OCl      2
 26  6694  Sct  18 45.2 -09 24   9.5  15.0        OCl      5
 27  6853  Vul  19 59.6  22 43   7.5  8.0 x 5.7   PlN      1.25 Dumbbell Nebula
 28  6626  Sgr  18 24.5 -24 52   8.5  11.2        GCl     18
 29  6913  Cyg  20 23.9  38 32   9.0  7.0         OCl      7.2
 30  7099  Cap  21 40.4 -23 11   8.5  11.0        GCl     25
 31   224  And  00 42.7  41 16   4.5  178         Gal   2200    Andromeda Galaxy
 32   221  And  00 42.7  40 52  10.0  8 x 6       Gal   2200
 33   598  Tri  01 33.9  30 39   7.0  73 x 45     Gal   2300    Triangulum Galaxy
 34  1039  Per  02 42.0  42 47   6.0  35.0        OCl      1.4
 35  2168  Gem  06 08.9  24 20   5.5  28.0        OCl      2.8
 36  1960  Aur  05 36.1  34 08   6.5  12.0        OCl      4.1
 37  2099  Aur  05 52.4  32 33   6.0  24.0        OCl      4.6
 38  1912  Aur  05 28.7  35 50   7.0  21.0        OCl      4.2
 39  7092  Cyg  21 32.2  48 26   5.5  32.0        OCl      0.3
 40  WIN4  UMa  12 22.4  58 05   9.0  0.8                       Double Star WNC4
 41  2287  CMa  06 47.0 -20 44   5.0  38.0        OCl      2.4
 42  1976  Ori  05 35.4 -05 27   5.0  85 x 60     DfN      1.6  Orion Nebula
 43  1982  Ori  05 35.6 -05 16   7.0  20 x 15     DfN      1.6  de Mairan's nebula; part of Orion Nebula
 44  2632  Cnc  08 40.1  19 59   4.0  95.0        OCl      0.5  Praesepe, Beehive Cluster
 45  1432  Tau  03 47.0  24 07   1.4  110.0       OCl      0.4  Subaru, Pleiades, Seven Sisters
 46  2437  Pup  07 41.8 -14 49   6.5  27.0        OCl      5.4
 47  2422  Pup  07 36.6 -14 30   4.5  30.0        OCl      1.6
 48  2548  Hya  08 13.8 -05 48   5.5  54.0        OCl      1.5
 49  4472  Vir  12 29.8  08 00  10.0  9 x 7.5     Gal  60000
 50  2323  Mon  07 03.2 -08 20   7.0  16.0        OCl      3
 51  5194  CVn  13 29.9  47 12   8.0  11 x 7      Gal  37000    Whirlpool Galaxy
 51B 5195  CVn  13:30.0 +47:16   9.6  6.4x4.6     Gal  37000    Companion of M51
 52  7654  Cas  23 24.2  61 35   8.0  13.0        OCl      7
 53  5024  Com  13 12.9  18 10   8.5  12.6        GCl     56
 54  6715  Sgr  18 55.1 -30 29   8.5  9.1         GCl     83
 55  6809  Sgr  19 40.0 -30 58   7.0  19.0        GCl     17
 56  6779  Lyr  19 16.6  30 11   9.5  7.1         GCl     32
 57  6720  Lyr  18 53.6  33 02   9.5  1.4 x 1.0   PlN      4.1  Ring Nebula
 58  4579  Vir  12 37.7  11 49  11.0  5.5 x 4.5   Gal  60000
 59  4621  Vir  12 42.0  11 39  11.5  5 x 3.5     Gal  60000
 60  4649  Vir  12 43.7  11 33  10.5  7 x 6       Gal  60000
 61  4303  Vir  12 21.9  04 28  10.5  6 x 5.5     Gal  60000
 62  6266  Oph  17 01.2 -30 07   8.0  14.1        GCl     22
 63  5055  CVn  13 15.8  42 02   8.5  10 x 6      Gal  37000    Sunflower Galaxy
 64  4826  Com  12 56.7  21 41   9.0  9.3 x 5.4   Gal  12000    Blackeye Galaxy
 65  3623  Leo  11 18.9  13 05  10.5  8 x 1.5     Gal  35000
 66  3627  Leo  11 20.2  12 59  10.0  8 x 2.5     Gal  35000
 67  2682  Cnc  08 50.4  11 49   7.5  30.0        OCl      2.25
 68  4590  Hya  12 39.5 -26 45   9.0  12.0        GCl     32
 69  6637  Sgr  18 34.4 -32 21   9.0  7.1         GCl     25
 70  6681  Sgr  18 43.2 -32 18   9.0  7.8         GCl     28
 71  6838  Sge  19 53.8  18 47   8.5  7.2         GCl     12
 72  6981  Aqr  20 53.5 -12 32  10.0  5.9         GCl     53
 73  6994  Aqr  20 58.9 -12 38   9.0  2.8         
 74   628  Psc  01 36.7  15 47  10.5  10.2 x 9.5  Gal  35000
 75  6864  Sgr  20 06.1 -21 55   9.5  6.0         GCl     58
 76   650  Per  01 42.4  51 34  12.0  2.7 x 1.8   PlN      3.4  Little Dumbbell Nebula, Cork Nebula
 77  1068  Cet  02 42.7 -00 01  10.5  7 x 6       Gal  60000
 78  2068  Ori  05 46.7  00 03   8.0  8 x 6       DfN      1.6
 79  1904  Lep  05 24.5 -24 33   8.5  8.7         GCl     40
 80  6093  Sco  16 17.0 -22 59   8.5  8.9         GCl     27
 81  3031  UMa  09 55.6  69 04   8.5  21 x 10     Gal  11000    Bode's Galaxy
 82  3034  UMa  09 55.8  69 41   9.5  9 x 4       Gal  11000    Cigar Galaxy
 83  5236  Hya  13 37.0 -29 52   8.5  11 x 10     Gal  10000    Southern Pinwheel Galaxy
 84  4374  Vir  12 25.1  12 53  11.0  5.0         Gal  60000
 85  4382  Com  12 25.4  18 11  10.5  7.1 x 5.2   Gal  60000
 86  4406  Vir  12 26.2  12 57  11.0  7.5 x 5.5   Gal  60000
 87  4486  Vir  12 30.8  12 24  11.0  7.0         Gal  60000    Virgo A
 88  4501  Com  12 32.0  14 25  11.0  7 x 4       Gal  60000
 89  4552  Vir  12 35.7  12 33  11.5  4.0         Gal  60000
 90  4569  Vir  12 36.8  13 10  11.0  9.5 x 4.5   Gal  60000
 91  4548  Com  12 35.4  14 30  11.5  5.4 x 4.4   Gal  60000
 92  6341  Her  17 17.1  43 08   7.5  11.2        GCl     26
 93  2447  Pup  07 44.6 -23 52   6.5  22.0        OCl      4.5
 94  4736  CVn  12 50.9  41 07   9.5  7 x 3       Gal  14500
 95  3351  Leo  10 44.0  11 42  11.0  4.4 x 3.3   Gal  38000
 96  3368  Leo  10 46.8  11 49  10.5  6 x 4       Gal  38000
 97  3587  UMa  11 14.8  55 01  12.0  3.4 x 3.3   PlN      2.6  Owl Nebula
 98  4192  Com  12 13.8  14 54  11.0  9.5 x 3.2   Gal  60000
 99  4254  Com  12 18.8  14 25  10.5  5.4 x 4.8   Gal  60000
100  4321  Com  12 22.9  15 49  10.5  7 x 6       Gal  60000
101  5457  UMa  14 03.3  54 21   8.5  22.0        Gal  24000    Pinwheel Galaxy
102  5866  Dra  15 06.5  55 45  10.5  5.2 x 2.3   Gal  40000    Spindle Galaxy
103   581  Cas  01 33.2  60 42   7.0  6.0         OCl      8
104  4594  Vir  12 40.0 -11 37   9.5  9 x 4       Gal  50000    Sombrero Galaxy
105  3379  Leo  10 47.8  12 35  11.0  2.0         Gal  38000
106  4258  CVn  12 19.0  47 18   9.5  19 x 8      Gal  25000
107  6171  Oph  16 32.5 -13 03  10.0  10.0        GCl     20
108  3556  UMa  11 11.5  55 40  11.0  8 x 1       Gal  45000
109  3992  UMa  11 57.6  53 23  11.0  7 x 4       Gal  55000
109B 3953  UMa  11 53.8 +52 20  10.1  7x4         Gal  55000
110   205  And  00 40.4  41 41  10.0  17 x 10     Gal   2200

Key

M: Messier catalog number
NGC: NGC or other catalog number
Con: constellation in which this object is located
RA, Dec: Right Ascension and Declination (2000.0)
Mag: approximateintegrated visual magnitude
Size: angular size in arc minutes (photographic)
Typ: type
     OCl - open cluster
     GCl - globular cluster
     C/N - cluster with nebula
     PlN - planetary nebula
     DfN - diffuse nebula
     Gal - galaxy
     SNR - supernova remnant
Distance: approximate distance in 1000s of light years (values on the
individual pages may differ; the values here are more likely to be correct)
Common Name: popular name of this object

Credits

These images were taken from the Digitized Sky Survey. Most of them had been posted on alt.binaries.pictures.astro by Richard Bright. These images had been collected by Bill Arnett, who did a little touch up with Photoshop on a few of them. Data have been taken from the collection at the SEDS server (mostly the Messier Catalog webpages).

These images are based on photographic data of the National Geographic Society -- Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (NGS-POSS) obtained using the Oschin Telescope on Palomar Mountain. The NGS-POSS was funded by a grant from the National Geographic Society to the California Institute of Technology. The plates were processed into the present compressed digital form with their permission. The Digitized Sky Survey was produced at the Space Telescope Science Institute under US Government grant NAG W-2166.

Investigators using these scans are requested to include the above acknowledgements in any publications.

Copyright (c) 1994, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. All rights reserved.


After the collection by: Bill Arnett (last updated: 1997 Feb 6)
[former URL: http://astro.nineplanets.org/dssm/messier.html]


Hartmut Frommert [contact]
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